In the civil War, perhaps the two most important battles that tookplace concluded at roughly the same time. In the west, the battleof Vicksburg ended in favor of the Union on July 4th; in the east, the battle of Gettysburg ended on July 3rd and also with a unionvictory. Both battles led to drastically changed circumstances inthe overall war, with the Union moving forward in the west andgaining the upper hand in the east in such a way as to ensure theeventual defeat of the confederacy. In the east - 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, Chancellorsville, gettysburg. In the west - shiloh, vicksburg, Chattanooga, atlanta. Capturing Vicksburg allowed the union to used the whole mississippiValley as a staging area reviews for future campaigns and opened upcommunications all the way from. Louis to new Orleans, which wascaptured from the gulf side. This freed Grant to attack Chattanoogawithout having to worry about being counterattacked from the is, in turn, led to Sherman's successful invasion of georgia thefollowing year. It also convinced Lincoln that Grant was theofficer to take overall command of all Union forces.
Lee's purpose was pdf a successfulraid on Harrisburg Pennsylvania, the capital of that state. Becauseit was so far away from safe haven, virginia, lee would have had toreturn to virginia. The battle at Gettysburg, however, made the raid unsuccessful, pluslee lost valuable troops. In strictly military terms, the Union was not bound to win afterthis. But there was always the chance that Lincoln might have beenvoted out in the 1864 election, and that could have meant acompromise peace, with the south keeping its independence. It liberated the mississippi and ended the war in the west, releasing Grant's army for service in Eastern Tennessee, and earning Grant enough credibility to qualify him as General-in-Chief in due course. July 4,1863, the day after Pickett's Charge, at the battle ofGettysburg, general Grant captured Vicksburg after a three monthsiege. It gave the Union complete control of the mississippi cksburg had resisted at least three previous Union attacks.
At the height of the siege, grant had about 77,000 troops and the defending Confederates under Pemberton had about 33,000 troops. I hope this helps :D. Northern victories that served as turning points in the war. The gettysburg and Vicksburg were the turning points in the uscivil War because during these battles, the confederate Army lostmost men and also lost control over their last fort around theMississippi river which caused the confederate states to becompletely divided into two. Vicksburg liberated the mississippi, ended the war in the west, andenabled Grant to go to the rescue of the Army of the cumberland inChattanooga. Gettysburg ended lee's hopes of invading the north, and renderedhis army incapable of effective action for many months. The lossfor the south at Gettysburg meant an early retreat for the Army ofNorthern Virginia back to virginia.
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Vicksburg was the resume only channel, at the history time the only channel connecting the parts of the confederacy divided by the mississippi. So long as it was held by the enemy, the free navigation of the river was prevented. Points of the river between Vicksburg and Port Hudson were held as dependencies; but their fall was sure to follow the capture of the former place. The siege of Vicksburg is considered one of the turning points inthe American civil War. The battle was a decisive victory for theUnion.
The Union victory at Vicksburg gave the Union complete control over the mississippi river. The mississippi was an important means of transportation. Vicksburg was one the few remaining cities under Confederate control. General Grant led the victory at Vicksburg for the north. The victory at Vicksburg also helped complete the Anaconda Plan. The Anaconda plan was the north's plan for winning the civil War and was: 1)blockading southern sea ports 2)Controlling the mississippi 3)And capturing Richmond, va (Richmond was the capital of the confederate States of America). Even though it is usually overshadowed by the battle of Gettysburg, the siege of Vicksburg is the real turning point of the war.
By the end of the day july 3 1863, the south's eastern army commanded directly by robert. Lee, had lost a full one third of its force; in the three day battle at Gettysburg. Even though the north had lost a few more men, they were in control of the battlefield and still had 4 times as many men on the field than did the south. Lee was forced to abandon the field and his "Northern Campaign" and head back south out of Pennsylvania. Against the advice of some of his most trusted generals, he had taken the offensive at Gettysburg and had failed (his only major field error) and had left his army in a position were it would never again be able to "take the fight". With the size of two he Armies now always heavily favoring the Union, all he was able to do, was to take defensive positions and retreat when the odds got too bad.
This, he did brilliantly, for two more years and preserved his army the best he could losing only one confederate to every four or five union soldiers. At Vicksburg, the very next day, the Union's western army commanded. Grant, defeated the southern forces which had been holding the city during a long siege. Vicksburg was the last southern stronghold on the mississippi river and by taking this the north now controlled the traffic on the mississippi and, although still two years in the future, the end of the confederacy was now in site. So, it could be said that the south, lost the war in two days; July 3rd and 4th, 1863. The vicksburg battle was important because the villagers were in danger of loseing their beloved homes and they didnt want that to happen therefore it was very important that they won the battle because then they would have lost their paths that lead to the. Vicksburg was important to the enemy because it occupied the first high ground coming close to the river before memphis. From there a railroad runs east, connecting with other roads leading to all points of the southern States. A railroad also starts from the opposite side of the river, extending west as far as Shreveport, louisiana.
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