By now, you should have more information written down movie (and properly sourced) than you can possibly use in one paper. This is the time to get creative and really breathe life into your project. Visit museums and historical societies for records that can't be reviewed anywhere else. Speak to respected professors for academic information you can use as a primary source; call and speak to leaders and professionals in fields related to your topic. If it's sensible, consider heading out into the field and speaking to ordinary people for their opinions. This isn't always appropriate (or welcomed) in a research project, but in some cases, it can provide you with some excellent perspective for your research. Review cultural artifacts as well.
Be sure to check citations, end notes, and bibliographies to get more potential sources (and see whether or not all your authors are just"ng the same, older author). Writing down your sources and any other relevant details (such as context) around your pieces of information right now will save you write lots of trouble in the future. Once you have good information from your local resources, use whatever tools you have access to to gather more from online databases such as jstor. If you're a college student, chances are you've got free access to many of these resources through your school; if not, you might have to pay to subscribe to some of them. This is also the time to do general online research, at sites with reputable information such as government agencies or respected nonprofit organizations. Use many different queries to get the database results you want. If one phrasing or particular set of words doesn't yield useful results, try rephrasing it or using synonymous terms. Online academic databases tend to be dumber than the sum of their parts, so you'll have to use tangentially related terms and inventive language to get all the results you want. 3 Gather unusual sources.
Your preliminary research should have given you a solid idea of where to begin. Method 2, expanding your Idea with Research 1, start with the basics. That means just going out and researching. If you spend time creating a close outline of your presentation paper, you're most likely wasting that time, as the research you gather might not fit neatly into every slot. Instead, start with your school's library (or the local public library). Spend time collecting stacks of books and skimming them for valuable information until you've exhausted those resources. Keep an open notebook or a portable device with a notepad on hand, and copy down everything you might use verbatim. It's generally considered more convincing to source one item from three different authors who all agree on it than it is to rely too heavily on one book. Go for quantity at least as much as quality.
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Don't be afraid to take a gamble if there is research but it seems a bit thin often, those are the areas where more attention is sorely needed, and your paper will draw some attention in the right direction, if nothing else. Don't limit yourself to libraries and online databases. Think in terms of outside resources as well: primary sources, government agencies, even educational tv programs. If you want to know about differences in animal population between public land and an Indian reservation, call the reservation and see if you can speak to their department of fish and wildlife. If you're planning to go ahead with original research, that's great but those techniques aren't covered in this article. Instead, speak with qualified advisors and work with them to set up a thorough, controlled, repeatable process for gathering information.
8, clearly define your project. Now that you've narrowed the field and chosen a research question to pursue, it's time to get a bit more formal. Write down your research question, and then briefly note the steps you plan to take to get it answered. Finally, at the bottom of the page, write down each possible answer to the topic question. There are usually three potential answers: it's one way, it's the other way, or it doesn't seem to make any difference. If your plan comes down to researching the topic, homework and there aren't any more specific things you can say about it, write down the types of sources you plan to use instead: books (library or private? interviews, and.
5, synthesize specific topics. You can combine a few or several different parameters to create concrete questions that will give your research some direction. Continuing with the previous example, you might look at the dietary habits of the rural poor with the urban poor, cross-checking against the habits of well-to-do people to get an idea of whether diet is influenced more by money or environment, and to what extent. 6, its also a good idea to visualise in your mind at this stage what kind of methodology you are going to use. How are you going to collect data. Methodology (is the meat of the project and you don't want to commit to a topic which will not have a feasible methodology or one that may require funding beyond your means (this is specifically aimed at undergraduates with limited resources (poor students lacking both.
This may appear to be jumping the gun a bit, but you'll be glad you didn't waste time on projects that you could not have completed on time. Think in terms of questions you want answered. A good research project should collect information for the purpose of answering (or at least attempting to answer) a question. As you review and interconnect topics, you'll think of questions that don't seem to have clear answers yet. These questions are your research topics. 7, brush across information you have access. Now that you have a handful of concrete research ideas that interest you, take your favorite and do a little preliminary research. If you're finding information you might be able to use, stick with that topic; if there seems to be no useful research at all, you'll either have to perform original research or change topics.
How to get Started With a research Project: 12 Steps
4, think from all angles. If you have at least a little direction based on the project guidelines, take that basic direction and start turning it over and over in your mind. Write down everything you come up with on paper, even if it doesn't seem viable. Start with obvious approaches, and then try to think about other questions that are indirectly related to the main thrust of your guidelines. Keep adding items until you can't think of any more. For example, if your research topic is urban poverty, you could look at that topic across advantages ethnic or sexual lines, but you could also look into corporate wages, minimum wage laws, the cost of medical benefits, the loss of unskilled jobs in the urban core. You could also try comparing and contrasting urban poverty with suburban or rural poverty, and examine things that might be different about both areas, such as diet and exercise levels, or air pollution.
3, look at what others have done. If you are doing this in partial fulfillment of a university course or honors degree programme, it's worth checking out what research topics were covered by other students over previous years. Sometimes you may be lucky enough to find ready-made suggestions at the end of the project which the author has made in their recommendations for further research. You may also be able to change the topic slightly to come up with a new project. This has the advantage of providing a ready-made, tried and tested, robust methodology for your project. Some instructors will even provide samples of previously successful topics if you ask for them. Just be careful that you don't end up stuck with an idea you want to do, but are afraid to do because you know someone else did it before.
Don't hesitate while writing down ideas. You'll end up with some mental noise on the paper silly or nonsensical phrases that your brain just pushes out. Think of it as sweeping the cobwebs out of your attic. After a minute or two, better ideas will begin to form (and you might have a nice little laugh at your own expense in the meantime). 2, use the tools you've already been given. If you just can't seem to brainstorm anything very interesting, and you've been given a vague and unhelpful prompt, your next wood best bet is to review a textbook or lecture notes. Skim over them and look for subjects you found interesting. You can even flip open a textbook to the index, pick an interesting-sounding term or name, and go from there. Another extremely useful tool is journals.
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